Before money was invented, people bartered for goods and services. It wasn't until about 5,000 years ago that the Mesopotamian people created the shekel, which is considered to be the first known form of currency. Gold and silver coins date from around 650 to 600 BC. C.
When stamped coins were used to pay armies. These commodity problems led people to create coins with precious metals to be used as money. No one knows for sure who invented such money for the first time, but historians believe that metallic objects were first used as money as early as 5000 BC. The first American colonists used English, Spanish and French money while they were under English rule.
However, in 1775, when the Revolutionary War became inevitable, the Continental Congress authorized the issuance of currency to finance the conflict. Paul Revere made the first plates for this continental coin. Those banknotes could be redeemed in ground Spanish dollars. The depreciation of this currency gave rise to the phrase “not worth a continental”.
Martha Washington's one-dollar certificate from the 1886 series: Martha Washington is the first and only woman to adorn the main portrait of the United States. UU. Paper coin. The Constitution was ratified, Congress passed the Mint Act of April 2, 1792, which established the United States coin minting system and the dollar as the principal monetary unit.
Under this law, the U.S. The coins were minted in 1793 at the Philadelphia Mint and given to Martha Washington. 1889 Series (One Dollar Silver Certificate), image courtesy of the United States Secret Service. In 1913, Congress passed the Federal Reserve Act, which established this country's Federal Reserve System.
This law authorized Federal Reserve banks to issue Federal Reserve Bank notes. In 1914, the Federal Reserve Banks began issuing Federal Reserve notes, the only currency still being manufactured today by the Office of Engraving and Printing. Official website of the National Credit Union Administration. The basic definition of money is anything that a group of people commonly accepts in exchange for goods, services, or resources.
Each country has its own system for exchanging coins and banknotes. A commodity is a basic item used by almost all members of a given society. In the past, things like salt, tea, tobacco, livestock, and seeds were considered commodities and were therefore once used as money. However, the use of commodities such as money created difficulties.
For example, carrying heavy bags of salt or dragging recalcitrant oxen from one side to the other could result in practical or logistical nightmares. The use of commodities for trade also posed other problems, since many were difficult to store and could also be very perishable. When the negotiated product involved a service, disputes also arose if that service did not live up to expectations (realistic or not). Metal objects were introduced as money around 5000 BC.
Around 700 BC. C., the Lydians became the first in the Western world to make coins. Metal was used because it was readily available, easy to work with, and could be recycled. Soon, countries began to mint their own series of coins with specific values.
Since the coins had a certain value, it became easier to compare the cost of the items that people wanted. Some of the first known paper notes date back to China, where the issuance of paper money became common around 960 AD. With the introduction of paper money and non-precious currencies, commodity money became representative money. This meant that what money itself was made of no longer had to be of great value.
Representative money was backed by the promise of a government or bank to exchange it for a certain amount of silver or gold. For example, it was once guaranteed that an old British pound or pound sterling note could be exchanged for a pound of sterling silver. For most of the 19th and early 20th centuries, most currencies were based on representative money that relied on the gold standard. Representative money has now been replaced by fiat money.
Fiat is the Latin word that means “let it do it”. Today, money receives its value by government decree or decree, marking the beginning of the era of enforceable legal tender, meaning that, under the law, it is illegal to reject legal tender money in favor of some other form of payment. Probably the oldest form of currency in the United States was the wampum. Made with beads made of shells and strung in intricate patterns, rather than simply money, wampum pearls were also used to keep track of important events in the lives of indigenous peoples.
ERMA began as a Bank of America project in an effort to computerize the banking industry. MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) was part of ERMA. The MICR allowed computers to read special numbers on the bottom of checks, allowing computerized tracking and accounting of check transactions. Accepting symbolic forms of money meant that a symbol could be used to represent something of value that was available in physical storage somewhere else in space, such as grain from the warehouse; or something of value that would later be available, such as a promissory note or bill of exchange, a document that ordered someone to pay a certain amount of money to another person on a specific date or when certain conditions were met.
According to some theories, money is inherently an intangible concept, while currency is the physical (tangible) manifestation of the intangible concept of money. As for exchange money, the use of representative money also historically predates the invention of currency. This process was independent of the local monetary system, so in some cases, companies may have used exchange money before developing local account money. In societies where foreign trade was rare, exchange money may have appeared much later than account money.
English goldsmiths had been craftsmen, ingot dealers, moneychangers and lenders since the 16th century. The history of money refers to the development over time of the systems that provide the functions of money. Trading with foreigners required a form of money that was not linked to the local temple or economy, money that carried with it its value. .